Understanding and Preventing Excavator Track Damage: Key Insights and Tips

Translation to English: Do you know the reasons for the damage to the tracks of an excavator?

Currently, the most widely used type in the excavator industry is the tracked excavator. The tracks are very important for tracked excavators, being a critical part of the excavator’s mobility system. However, the work environments for most construction projects are quite harsh, leading to significant wear on the tracks. Therefore, issues like loosening, damage, or breakage of excavator tracks are common. So, how can we reduce the wear on these tracks?

 

01 Improper operation during turning

When the excavator is turning, if one side’s tracks are moving while the other side’s are stationary, significant rotational motion occurs. If the tracks are blocked by raised parts of the ground, they can easily be pulled and damaged. This requires the excavator operator to be careful and observant to avoid such situations.

02 Driving on uneven surfaces

During earthmoving projects, the work site is generally uneven. If the route taken by a tracked excavator on such terrain is improper, the weight of the machine tends to be unevenly distributed, causing increased pressure on certain parts of the tracks and leading to issues like loosening. This is mainly related to the construction environment and cannot be completely avoided, but it is possible to observe the surrounding environment before starting work to find the smoothest path.

03 Long durations of mobility operations

An excavator, unlike a car, cannot be driven for too long. Operators need to be especially aware that tracked excavators should not be moved for extended periods, as this not only causes significant damage to the tracks but also affects the lifespan of the equipment.

04 Failure to timely clear debris from tracks

When a tracked excavator is working or moving, debris like rocks or soil can get into the tracks. This is unavoidable, but failing to clear it before moving can result in the debris being pressed between the drive wheel, guide wheel, and tracks. Over time, this can cause the excavator tracks to loosen and even lead to chain track breakage.

05 Improper parking of the excavator

Tracked excavators must be parked on flat surfaces. If the ground is uneven, it can cause uneven stress on the excavator tracks, with one side bearing more weight. This can easily lead to the tracks being pulled apart or cracked.

 

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